By any stretch Texas is big. By far the largest of the 'lower states', it stretches 1000 miles across and even longer north to south. Its past as an independent nation has given Texans a sense of pride and freedom, evident by the state flag that still bears the Lone Star, emblem of the Republic. Dallas and Forth Worth are the main cities, but the capital Austin is not to be missed. Although a state of open countryside, 90 percent of the state's 20 million people live in the cities.