We are open today until 6:30 pm. Call 020 7590 0610

Guide to the World's Best Coffee Regions

Article content

27 November 2012

Coffee is grown in about 70 countries around the world, so it's difficult to decide where the very best beans are produced.

Here Guy Eardley-Wilmot, Coffee Taster at Sea Island Coffee spills the beans and takes us on a quick voyage around some of the world's main coffee growing regions.

Central America

Costa Rica

Central American coffees are generally light-bodied and relatively high in acidity. Countries such as Costa Rica started producing coffee in 1779 with a range of diverse taste profiles, vivid brightness and clean fruit notes.

Over in Mexico, coffee was brought into the country from the Antilles at the end of the 18th century. By 1980, Mexican coffee - with its light-bodied mild taste with delicate flavors - became an important export crop. By this time Mexico was the largest source of coffee for the USA

Pick of the Central American Beans

Geisha, grown on the Coffea Diversa plantation in Costa Rica, close to the Panamanian border, is an Ethiopian wild coffee variety with a soft, delicate profile and notes of lavender, cocoa and hints of molasses. The plantation is incredibly special as it grows the largest number of different coffee varieties in the world.

South America

Moving further south, South American countries tend to have slightly heavier bodies than Central American coffees, somewhat less acidity, and more balanced overall taste.

If you are a coffee drinker, one of the first countries you will think of for producing some of the best coffee is Brazil, with its nutty, sweet, and low acidity levels. Brazil has maintained the top spot for producing some of the best coffee for more than 150 years.

In comparison, coffee from Colombia has its own identity, due to its high quality coffee beans.

Pick of the South American Beans

Jacu Bird, Brazil - The Camocim Estate in Brazil is inhabited by Jacu birds, which are herbivores and feast on coffee cherries. The coffee beans are then collected, cleaned and roasted (in the UK) resulting in a sweet, full-bodied coffee (more acidic than typically found in the region) with a smoothness and lack of bitterness.



Africa, the source of all coffees, boasts sweet, fruity, spicy, and exotic cup profiles with a vibrant aftertaste. Ethiopia is considered the birthplace of coffee and it is the seventh largest coffee producer in the world, with half of the coffee produced by the country consumed domestically.

Pick of the African Beans

Lake Tana Monastery Islands, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Orthodox monks located on several islands Lake Tana grow Lake Tana Coffee. The coffee has an intense creamy body and distinct Mocca flavour with nuances of chocolate, malt and cherry.

Image credit: Pete Lewis Department for International Development


Civit coffee

Across the ocean, Indonesian coffee has a long finish, full body, full flavor, and low acidity. Expect earthy flavors, with exotic aromas of spices, cheese, mushrooms, and herbs. About 90% of coffee produced here is cultivated by small lot farmers producing two major types of coffee beans: Coffea canephora and Coffea Arabica.

Pick of the Indonesian Beans

Sumatra Musang Kopi Luwak - Back in the 17th century all coffee produced in Sumatra was exported to Holland and the indigenous Sumatran people were left with no coffee for their own consumption. As a consequence they discovered that coffee from the droppings from Musang (Civets) was of superior quality and this is how the drinking of Kopi Luwak came about. The fermentation of the coffee beans while inside the civet cat creates a bold coffee with no bitterness and smooth long aftertaste.

Related offers

Exterior, Nayara Tented Camp, Arenal Volcano National Park, Costa Rica (rendering)

Nayara Tented Camp, Arenal Volcano National Park

Contemporary tented camp

From Costa Rica's award-winning Nayara brand comes its newest offering: a luxury tented camp in the heart of the Arenal Volcano National Park, with hot-spring plunge pools, sloth sanctuaries and gourmet dining.

Ninta room, Nantipa Hotel, Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica

Nantipa Hotel, Santa Teresa, Nicoya Peninsula

Contemporary lodge

This luxury lodge is perfectly placed to explore Costa Rica's rugged Nicoya Peninsula, a turtle-dotted headland of white-sand, turtle-dotted beaches framed by jungles that hold the incredible amount of biodiversity alongside the likes of wildlife walks, spa treatments & al fresco fine dining.

Arusha Coffee Lodge, Arusha, Tanzania

Elewana Arusha Coffee Lodge

Contemporary lodge

One of Tanzania’s premium coffee lodges, Arusha Coffee Lodge makes for the ideal start or end to any safari holiday, with gourmet dining, sprawling rooms and myriad excursions to explore one of the country’s largest coffee plantations.

Inkaterra Hacienda Urubamba, Sacred Valley, Peru

Inkaterra Urubamba, Sacred Valley

Contemporary hacienda

Hidden among the snow-capped peaks and lush green gorges of Peru’s Sacred Valley, this hacienda-style Incan gem enjoys 100 private acres of seclusion in an effortless blend of historic tradition and contemporary delights, with gourmet cuisine and a luxe spa.

Kruger Shalati, South Africa

Kruger Shalati, Kruger National Park, South Africa

Designer safari lodge

Kruger Shalati, opening December 2019, is a spectacularly unique train hotel, perched high on a railway bridge in the heart of South Africa's iconic Kruger National Park, with luxury suites, free standing baths, gourmet dining and included game drives.

Toucan, Manuel Antonio National Park, Costa Rica

Discovery Of Central America

16-day cruise

Discover a condensed overview of Central America’s architectural gems and most stunning natural treasures through an exceptional itinerary.

Why book with Wexas Travel?

At Wexas, we specialise in bespoke travel experiences. Our itineraries are just samples of what we can arrange, and can be changed depending on your precise needs, finances and ideas by our experienced destination specialists.

Contact one of our consultants on 020 7590 0610 to discuss how we can tailor your holiday.

Learn why Wexas is the leader in creating luxury holidays. What is tailor-made travel?

Expert advice & support

Visit us in our London office

Let our travel specialists curate the perfect holiday:

  • Inspirational ideas based on experience
  • Established for over 45 years
  • Tailor a holiday to your precise requirements
  • Personalised quotes and documentation
  • In-depth Wexas travel guides

Every step of the way

Every step of the way

Our services are with you from start to finish:

  • Dedicated personal consultants
  • Wexas Travel App
  • Free airport lounges on qualifying bookings
  • Care and guidance pre, post and during holiday
  • Full financial security: ABTA & ATOL protected