The Sacred Valley's showpiece is unarguably the myth- and mist-shrouded Inca citadel of Machu Picchu - ‘the city in the clouds'.
Cusco is an ideal base to visit the various other sites around the Sacred Valley, such as Pisac, Ollantaytambo and the latest ‘lost city' of Choquequirao.
Other archaeological sights draw visitors to Pikillacta, Rumicolca and Tipon.
Throughout the Inca heartland you can admire the Incas' astonishing knowledge of architecture and hydraulics as you marvel at the ruins left behind by this highly advanced civilisation.
The circular terraces at Moray show off agricultural prowess, while the meticulous placement of giant granite blocks at Sacsayhuaman point to expert masonry skills.
The Heritage-Listed Spanish church at San Pedro de Andahuaylillas is another highlight.