Any trip to Beijing usually begins with a visit to Tiananmen Square, the vast concrete expanse at the heart of the modern city.
This ‘Square of the Gate of Heavenly Peace' is still bordered by 1950s communist-style buildings - the Great Hall of the People and the Museum of the Chinese Revolution - and dominated by a giant portrait of Chairman Mao.
It was here Mao hoisted the red flag proclaiming the foundation of the People's Republic and where he still lies in his marble memorial hall.
The Forbidden City at the north end of Tiananmen Square has been the seat of Chinese imperial power since the Ming Emperor Yongle began ruling his dynasty from its heart around 1420.
The Imperial Palace (Gugong) is China's most magnificent architectural complex and was built at the symbolic centre of the universe using the strict geomantic principles of yin and yang.
The Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven, or Tian Tan, is one of the largest temple complexes in China and has been at the heart of imperial ceremony and symbolism since its construction during the Ming Dynasty.
It was here the emperor, or Son of Heaven, would make sacrifices and pray to his ancestors at the Winter Solstice. It is located 2 km south of Tiananmen Square.
The sprawling Summer Palace outside Beijing served as a summer retreat for the Qing Dynasty and is most associated with the Empress Dowager Cixi, who used it as her personal pleasure ground.
Highlights include the lakes and bridges, Marble Boat, Bronze Pavilion, and Longevity Hill.
Top itineraries in Beijing
Take in the best of China on this introductory tailor-made holiday. You'll visit Beijing, Xian, Chengdu, Guilin and Shanghai, with included touring bringing together this vast country's unique collection of landscapes, cultures and wildlife.
From the Great Wall and the Terracotta Army to Shanghai’s skyscraping wonders and the Yangtze River’s rural splendour, this is your chance to see all of China’s highlights. You’ll travel in style, with a luxury river cruise, flight hops and private touring, transfers and gourmet dining included.
Between Moscow’s Soviet grandeur and Beijing’s Great-Wall icon, this full-board luxury rail journey showcases all the remote intrigue of Central Asia.
Top places to stay in Beijing
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