Egypt is the obvious start point, with the ruins of a hugely successful civilization still readily visible and easy to visit. The pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, Luxor and countless other sites compete for your attention, with the streets and sights of Cairo and the Nile River acting as further distractions. The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities contains a vast trove of artefacts gleaned from various sites.
Almost every country in North Africa felt the effect of the Roman Empire and there are monuments, mosaics and ruins associated with the Empire all the way from Volubilis in Morocco to El Jem in Tunisia, Sabratha and Leptis Magna in Libya and Alexandria in Egypt. These towns, cities, theatres and amphitheatres remain hugely atmospheric and impressive even without the gladiators, chariots and ceremonies that once graced them.
If you want to get to know another culture, the Berber are the indigenous people of Morocco and their distinct culture continues to thrive in the mountains, especially around Taroudant; travel here to get to see traditional life unfold. Alternatively the Masai in Kenya and the Himba in Namibia have communities you can visit and interact with.
These are just a handful of the options available though. You can also tailor-make your history and culture holiday in Africa by adding a city stay, safari, Nile River cruise or other excursion to your itinerary; talk to a destination specialist to see what we can do for you.